3 Sep 2013

Best time to visit the lost city of Inca Machu picchu

the lost city of inca Machu picchu
The Machu Picchu is a mysterious wonder alight on a plateau in the Peruvian Andes, at 500 meters above the river. There, without the help of wheels or tools of iron workers of the Incas built a city of stone. This place is the best example of the Inca engineering.

Machu Picchu, quechua word that means "old mountain", it is admirable for the strength of its construction, the balanced use of the space and the harmonious complement with the natural environment.

Strategically located to avoid the presence of the enemy and surrounded by deep canyons and breathtaking mountains called "apus" or tutelary gods by the Incas.

For the Incas the architectural buildings were very important. The temples, built in the surroundings of the city, are oriented to capture the rays of the rising sun. The tilt of the roofs reflect the Huayna Picchu, the mountain that emerges after them. However, the Machu Picchu has saved very well their secrets, hiding for more than 400 years its true meaning and purpose.

The city has about 170 buildings, thousands of steps, several temples and 16 sources. The Incas used thousands of stones to build the city, some are very huge. Fortunately didn't have to go very far to find from where the materials of construction are taken, because there you will find a quarry. The quality of the Inca stonework is legendary. The buildings show a accuracy when it comes to clip on the stones, which has no explanation. After 500 years, it is impossible to insert the knife blade between the stones. Incredibly, without tools of iron, the Incas used rocks to carve the rock.

Some of the rocks used in Machu Picchu weighing over 20 tons. The most important buildings were dependent upon the rocks fit with precision and that its enormous weight kept on the site, but there is evidence that in buildings less important used mortar prepared with a mixture of clay, earth and small stones.

In addition to the masonry work of the city, another distinctive feature of Machu Picchu is the system of terraces. The terraces have 2 main purposes : provide a place to cultivate, and also prevented the city will slip into the mountain. The stratified construction allowed the rain water will be filtered gently through the terraces. The main crop was corn, next to the potatoes and avocado.

The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (32,592 hectares) is a protected area by the Peruvian State and declared Cultural Patrimony of Humanity by Unesco in 1983.

At present, You ca reach Machu Picchu by walking, taking the Inca Trail in four days or through a spectacular train ride through the Sacred Valley. The railroad links the city of Cusco with Machu Picchu Pueblo station, located at the base of the shrine. The journey to the station is three to four hours, according to the type of train service.

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